Domestic violence

Amir Elbaz 12391085

Ricky Hao 12107700

Sofia Sergeeva 12356727

Jorja O’Sullivan 12176192

Marie Lampe 12153664

Data Journalism – Group 1.5

 

According to NCADV statistics, “1 in 4 women and 1 in 9 men experience severe intimate partner physical violence, intimate partner contact sexual violence, and/or intimate partner stalking with impacts such as injury, fearfulness, post-traumatic stress disorder, use of victim services, contraction of sexually transmitted diseases.”

Our group plans to investigate the issue of domestic violence, which is common in all the countries globally. It is, however, a difficult problem to deal with because the victims rarely report cases of domestic violence. This could be due to their lack of certainty that reporting will help, potentially causing more abuse from the aggressor. Some victims might also perceive such mistreatment as acceptable, or believe they deserve it. Poor education and conditions while growing up can normalise such behaviour in some people’s views.

We approach this issue by considering a number of social aspects in the chosen countries in different geopolitical areas. First, the country’s reliance on faith—how religious the population is. This would provide an insight into how religion potentially decreases or increases the risk of violence. Second, a nation’s propensity to war—how quarrelsome its political attitude is towards other nations. Third is safety and neighbourhood policing—testing whether it is common for citizens to carry weapons with them or experience police interventions in their neighbourhoods. Fourth and final, country’s history with rape prosecution—how strictly the country judges those who sexually abuse other people. Though not directly related, the country’s attitude towards the final issue could be comparative to how it deals with domestic abuse. Such a wide array of variables will provide us with plenty of data to analyse, and hopefully provide insights for an impactful story.

World Values Survey would be an ideal tool because it would let us choose the countries for comparison and study each issue closely, and in relation to each other. The database retrieves information of people’s values and beliefs globally. As well as how they change over time and how political and social matters affect them. WVS focuses on affairs such as the impact of globalisation, support for democracy, the role of religion, etc. The data is primarily used to aid policy makers that seek to build a civil society in developing countries, further the data is also used by governments, scholars, scientists, and institutions (the UN and the World Bank). The surveys are conducted by an international network of social scientists. PI’s (principal investigators) are assigned for each country and are responsible for the surveys which give a trusting front to the information collected.

Miren Gutierrez, in her interview, has shared her criteria for choosing a topic. We hereby use the same questions. “Will the project protect people who are vulnerable?” Yes. Domestic violence has always been a common issue globally, and it unfortunately does not seem to be going away. Data released by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) in 2019 found that 746,219 domestic abuse-related crimes were recorded in the UK in 2019 (Office for National Statistics 2019). This is a rise of almost 25% from 2018. “Is it a systemic problem?” Yes. “Are likely to get results and is it new?” Yes and yes. It is important to shed light on the severity of domestic abuse towards all genders around the world, as it is one of the least reported crimes globally due to the stigma and fear that surround the issue. The ONS also found that only 38 arrests per 100 domestic abuse-related crimes were recorded in 2018. (Office for National Statistics 2019) This statistic is devastating and unpromising for anyone who may want to report abuse.

We aim to provide statistics to show the severity of this domestic abuse problem worldwide, while also providing information on what someone facing domestic abuse can do to get the most sufficient help.

Posted in Data Journalism 2020